1) Alpha diversity of vascular plants in European forests;
2) Alpha and beta diversity of connected benthic–subsurface invertebrate communities respond to drying in dynamic river ecosystems;
3) Partitioning plant spectral diversity into alpha and beta components;
4) Precipitation and tree cover gradients structure avian alpha diversity in North‐western Costa Rica;
5) A new baseline for countrywide
α‐diversity and species
distributions: illustration using >6,000 plant species in Panama.